What is K-12 Education in India?

Education System in India

The Indian education system has made a significant progress in the recent years by holding an important place in the global education industry. According to the recent study, our country has more than 1.4 million schools with over 230 million students enrolled and more than 36,000 higher education institutes with India having one of the largest and complex education systems in the world.

The Indian Education system has seen a gigantic transformation over the past decades. Starting with the ancient Educational system comprising the Gurukula system of education in which the pupils stayed at the guru’s (teacher) place and were taught everything that a guru could teach, to the modern education system where technology integration is the major component in every school, the education system in India had witnessed a revolution in terms of technology involvement.

K-12 Education System in India

With the revolutionary impact that the introduction of technology has caused in the educational realm, there was the inception of new modes of education. One of it is the K-12 education, which is an educational system involving more teacher-student communication. This educational concept has gained popularity in the United States, Canada, South Korea, Turkey, Philippines, Australia, and now in India as well.

Primary and secondary education summed up together is called K-12 Education. The letter K stands for Kindergarten and 12 for 12th grade. K-12 covers the years from Kindergarten through 12th grade and includes Kindergarten, Primary, Secondary, High-School and Pre-University education in India.

Current Scenario of K-12 Education in India

The K-12 education system in India has started gaining importance and recognition in the recent years. In a significant development, the government has also begun taking the active interest in promoting K-12 education. In a simultaneous effort, the government has made primary education compulsory and free throughout the country. According to the 2009 Right to Education Act, every child between the ages of 6 and 14 years has the right to free and compulsory education.

Schools on the other hand too developed interest towards improving the education system in India. Needless to say, many schools are using creative methods of teaching using technology to facilitate effective learning among students. It not only improves the learning abilities in students but also enables them to remember the different aspects of different subjects.

Teachers too are extending their serious contribution to make learning in the classroom as interactive as possible. Enabling students of all types to enhance their skills, many new methods have become a part of the curriculum like group discussions, assignments, Q&A sessions etc. These practices improve individual attention to students, unlike the conventional teaching method where students were made to just sit and listen to the lectures.

K-12 educational system emphasizes on improving teacher-student collaboration. Schools and teachers have been concentrating more on classroom activities to help build the students physically, academically and intellectually. The system has changed the way students learn, teachers teach and facilitated in improved learning methodologies.

The K-12 education in India has reformed the education system in the country. It not only introduced technology to the classrooms but also changed the mode of teaching, resources and syllabus. Textbooks are no longer the prime source; with the infusion of technology, many student aids and tools of learning are the current norms enabling students to impart and develop knowledge.

With the K-12 education system improving its pace in the current education system, schools are adopting the platform contributing their best to growth and improvement of the education system in the country.

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